Dengue fever is a painful disease commonly found in the Philippines. It’s a viral infection passed around by mosquitos. Learn how deadly it is.
What is it?
Dengue fever is an infection caused by a band of four closely related viruses transmitted by mosquitoes. It leads to fever and flu like symptoms in its victims along with rashes and extreme bodily pains. In fact, the pain is so severe that the disease has been nicknamed “break-bone fever”. Because those who are infected say that the pain is so bad that it feels like their bones are breaking.
Where is it located?
Dengue infections most often occur in tropical countries around the equator–primarily Asia and the tropics in the Pacific–where the Aedes aegypti mosquito thrives and acts as the most common viral host responsible for transmitting the disease. Today, dengue fever endangers the health of people in more than 110 countries throughout the world.
How will dengue fever kill you?
When an infected Aedes mosquito bites, the virus attaches and enters your white blood cells where it quickly reproduces as your cells move throughout your body. The white blood cells react by making signaling proteins. It’s the production of these signaling proteins that cause the fever and flu-like symptoms victims experience. Other symptoms of dengue fever are shown here. Death occurs due to either dengue hemorrhagic fever–causing several blood complications–or dengue shock syndrome, which leads to dangerously low blood pressure.
How to survive:
There is no vaccine to prevent infection from the dengue virus. Patients suffering from mild to moderate cases can usually recover by simply drinking enough fluids. More severe cases will require more advanced treatment such as intravenous fluids or blood transfusions. Full recovery from dengue fever takes anywhere from 10 days to an entire month.