These are the 10 Deadliest wars ever. WW2 made the list of course but it’s not even the deadliest war ever! See who beat out Adolf Hitler.
10: The Hundred Years War
The Hundred Years War was a long and arduous struggle between England and France that took place from 1337 to 1453 over the French crown. The French had financial and military advantages over the smaller English forces. But with military discipline and improved weaponry just as longbows, England dominated much of the war. In 1415, King Henry V aggressively moved to conquer and control large portions of France, nearly securing to win for England. The final deciding battle was the Siege of Orleans in 1428, the largest military stronghold held by Charles of France. It lasted for months, with 5,000 English troops attacking the French territory. It was during this battle that Charles of France had to send in reinforcements to defend Orleans, the most notable of whom was Joan of Arc, a young French mystic. With his leadership, the siege ended & French regained the upper hand. As the dates indicate, it should be more accurately named “116 Years War.” It claimed about 3.5 million lives from both sides.
9: The Vietnam War
The Vietnam was a brutal and costly fight that put northern Vietnam and their communist allies—the Vietcong—up against South Vietnam and their ally, the United States. A peace conference in Geneva gave countries like Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam their independence, which magnified the division between the communist North and the anti-communist South Vietnam. By 1958, the Vietcong Guerrillas began terrorizing the southern Vietnamese Government for refusing political cooperation. As an ally, the United States sent in military support to aid the southern government, which totaled over 16,000 American servicemen in 1963. In the five years following, American president Lyndon Johnson boldly commenced air strikes on North Vietnam & committed around 536,000 soldiers abroad. This war saw torture by the thousands, deep tissue poisoning, and lasting psychological trauma to those directly involved. Americans’ disapproval as the war as well as a worsening situation led to the next president, Richard Nixon, to begin withdrawing soldiers from Vietnam after suffering enormous losses. In a diplomatic agreement for the US withdraw from the country, South Vietnam surrendered to the north and Vietnam was again unified in 1975, thus ending the war that cost over 4 million lives and countless lasting injuries to both the people and the land.
8: The Napoleonic Wars
Napoleon Bonaparte was a successful military leader during the French Revolution. After gaining a political power in 1799, he crowned himself emperor. He was known to be ambitious and skilled in warfare strategies, allowing him to conquer most of Europe. His empire expanded for a long reign up until in 1812 when the Russian invasion turned disastrous & millions of lives were spent. Napoleon was ultimately exiled to island of Elba. During Napoleon’s conquests against various European nations, over 4 million soldiers were killed. The successes of Napoleon’s armies brought back much-needed funds to post-revolutionary France. During this series of battles, a noteworthy transaction made by the French to raise war fund was the sale of the Louisiana territory in North America. It was sold to the newly independent nation for $15 million & later became known as the Louisiana Purchase, which played a key role in funding the Napoleonic Wars.
7: The Chinese Civil Wars
After decades of revolution, warlord battles, conflict with the Japanese, and a fallen monarchy, China was economically and socially exerted. The nation was depleted in resources and divided in leadership. A civil war broke out as a result between the remaining warlords, the Chinese Communist Party (or CCP), and a nationalist group known as the Republic of China (or ROC). The economy collapsed due to hyperinflation and corruption, and millions of refugees were displayed. A civil war continued despite peace attempts in 1946, and the CCP and ROC fought aggressively for control over China. The Chinese Communist Party secured their victory in 1949 & inherited a severely battered nation. After nearly eight million lives were claimed in the Chinese Civil Wars, the country continued to be ruled by the authoritarian CCP. The effects were brutally reminded of in Beijing in 1989 when young Chinese civilians protested on the streets and were violently met with guns and tanks on the streets of Tiananmen Square. To this day, China remains a single-party state with communist values & discourages individual rights.
6: The Russian Civil War
The Russian Civil War raged between the Bolshevik red Army and the White Army of anti-communist allies. The White army consisted of foreign troops from Britain, France, Japan, and the United States. By the end of 1918, over 200,000 foreign soldiers were sent to support the White Army. Seeing the growing opposition, the Bolshevik Red Army began enforcing stricter punishments for any soldiers who abandoned the communist cause. Many of the Red officers remained loyal due to threats made to their families’ safety. Bolshevik’s Red Army also held the advantage of territory, they were organized and unified by fear. In addition, they were well supplied despite the given conditions. The Red Army invested in production factories across territories, made labor strikes illegal, and peasants were forced to provide food and healthcare for Red Army soldiers. The war lasted for five years in the former Russian Empire & totaled around eight million fatalities, about only one million of which were incurred by Red Army soldiers. The majority of the millions of deaths were civilians who died from famine or disease. This was because there was very little rain in the middle of Russian Civil war in 1920. To make matters worse, many farms that did manage to produce a harvest were often destroyed by incessant warfare. With their victory at the end of the Civil War, the Bolshevik Red Army formed to the Soviet Union.
5: World War I
Also called the Great War, the First World War raged from 1914 to 1918 & claimed over 16 million military lives. Centered in Europe, two major world forces—the Allies and the Central Powers—assembled against one anther and mobilized over 70 million military personnel in total. The Central Powers consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire while the Allied Forces included Great Britain, the United States, France, Russia, Italy, and Japan. Weaponry advances such as flamethrowers, armored tanks, and chemical warfare allowed for higher fatality rates on all sides. During the Great War, over 35 million casualties were seen, six million of which were from disease and famine. The Allies gained the advantage with numbers despite Russia dropping out of the fight. Germany’s Navy was also on strike. This eventually led to Germany signing an armistice, which agreed to peace and ended the war in 1918. After the war, the League of Nations was formed to maintain in world peace. It’s failure eventually led to the Second World War.
4: The Taiping rebellion
In the beginning of the 1800s China was ruled by the Qing Dynasty. The Taiping Rebellion was an attempt to overthrow & convert China to Christianity, which lasted from 1851 to 1864. A Christian convert named Hong Xiuquan received visions that he was a younger brother of Jesus Christ and as so, it was his duty to lead China against the Manchu-ruled Qing Dynasty. In 1851, he proclaimed his new dynasty “The Taiping Tianguo,” meaning “Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace.” The Taiping forces grew to an organized army with strict rules for its soldiers both on base and in the field. Against old Chinese traditions, Christian commandments were forced, which prohibited prostitution, gambling, opium use, foot binding, slavery, alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. Around twenty million people died as a result of this crusade, mostly being civilians. The Qing dynasty never recovered and both the Chinese communists and the Chinese nationalists can trace their roots to the Taiping Tianguo.
3: The An Lushan Rebellion
The An Lushan Rebellion, which lasted from 755 AD to 763 AD in China, was the downfall of the ruling Tang Dynasty. The Tang Emperor’s favorite military general, An Lushan, who was of Iranian and Turkish descent, was rewarded with riches and an army of over160,000 garrisons. His power granted him the ability to overthrow the Tang Dynasty and name himself emperor. During this rebellion, he was able to grow a huge army after having enlisted any Tang officers that surrendered peacefully. He was also well supported by Turkish tribes. An Lushan conquest spanned 3 different Tang emperors and the dynasty never recovered. Around 22 million lives where claimed during his rebellion.
2: World War II
The deadliest war in all of modern history is the Second World War. From 1939 to 1945, the world suffered around 65 million deaths. The League of Nations failed to maintain world peace and all of the major world powers split between the Allied and Axis powers. More than 100 million soldiers & their communities invested their total focus on supporting this war. Millions of civilians were brutally killed during the Holocaust led by Nazi Germany’s leader, Adolf Hitler. To this day, the Second World War is the only war to have used nuclear weapons and it has forever changed the world of politics.
1: The Mongol Conquests
In the early 13th century, the Mongols successfully conquered 20% of world’s land. Their empire covered all of Asia and Eastern Europe from 1206 to 1324. The Mongolian Army were violence and so feared, it is said that nearly a million Chinese people committed suicide instead of being captured & tortured by them. Thy successfully gained control of over 100 million civilians & maintained the longest and largest reigning empire in Eurasia. The death toll of the Mongolian conquests reached an astounding 55 million lives and left millions more to famine and disease.